Prostate cancer is a type of cancer peculiar to men. The prostate usually occurs as little shaped gland in men that release the seminal fluid responsible for the sustenance of sperm while also aiding its movement. Prostate cancer is commonly found in the prostate of men; its growth is relatively slow which is mostly confined to the prostate gland at the early stage. it does not pose any significant threat to the body at the untimely stage. Interestingly, it can be treated at an early phase before the cancerous cells spread across other parts of the body especially the bones and lymph nodes.
Causes of Prostate Cancer
According to research, there are no established valid causes of prostate cancer, however, several factors can trigger the danger of grinding out the condition of prostate cancer.
Age: it’s relatively uncommon to see prostate cancer in men younger than 45 years of age. Older men, mostly from the age of 50 years and above have been on the receiving end of this type of cancer. It’s not surprising to see the risk of prostate cancer increases with age.
Obesity: Ordinary obesity poses so many health risks to the body due to excessive fat accumulation in the body. One of the likely consequences of obesity is prostate cancer. Obese men with prostate cancer will be more difficult to treat compared to other non-obese patients.
Race: Some people believe that black people stand greater risk and equally more susceptible to prostate cancer though not scientifically proven. Prostate state cancer is more prevalent among the black race nevertheless.
Family History: People with a family history of prostate cancer stand a great risk of having it. Also, a family with a history of genes that increase breast cancer equally stands a higher risk of prostate cancer.
Complications of Prostate Cancer
Cancer that spreads: Prostate cancer does travel around the organs such as the bladder or move through the bloodstream or lymphatic system to the bones or other organs. Of course, the prostate cancer that travels through the bones will cause pain and broken bones possibly. Once prostate cancer has traveled through bones to other parts of the body, the management could be difficult.
Incontinence: One of the major setbacks of prostate cancer in the body is its inability to control the evacuative functions of urination or defecation. Prostate cancer causes damages to the urinary part of the body thereby causing painful urination.
Erectile dysfunction: It is not surprising to see erectile dysfunction as part of complications resulting from prostate cancer. The severity of the disease combines with the age factor can actually cause erectile dysfunction.
Common Treatment Methods and Prevention
There are several treatment options available for the treatment of incontinence which include medications, catheters, and surgery. Prostate cancer that has spread across every area of the body might be controlled but difficult to cure. Complications arising from erectile dysfunction can be treated through surgery, radiations, or hormone treatments.
Prostate cancer can however be prevented through the following means:
Choose healthy foods over supplement: Food rich in vitamins and minerals have proven over time to help maintain healthy levels of vitamins in the system. Although, it has not been established if the supplement reduces the risk of developing prostate cancer you can always choose healthy foods any day.
Speak with your doctor about the increased risk of prostate cancer: Men, especially with a family history of prostate cancer are advised to indulge in prophylactic actions like taking medications or other available treatment to minimize the risk. The right medication to be taking can only be accurately prescribed by a physician. It will be a great disservice to one health to indulge in self-medication out of fear.
Maintain a healthy weight: A nutritionist can help in formulating the right diet to know the correct size of calories one can eat on daily basis. Engaging in activities that can keep one fit like exercise is equally important. Try as much as possible to maintain the weight if it’s within the healthy range or shed it off if it’s a little bit more.
Choose a healthy diet full of fruits and vegetables: Sometimes, it is not the quantity of food that one eats that matter but the quality of the food. High fatty foods should be avoided at that age. Take more fruits and vegetables to keep fit and enjoy a healthy lifestyle free of complications. Most of these things are achievable if only one can give attention to these preventive measures at a younger age.